THE EFFECTIVENESS OF KANGAROO AND INCUBATOR CARE METHODS TO INCREASE BODY TEMPERATURE IN BABIES WITH LOW BIRTH WEIGHT
Low Birth Weight (LBW) infants are at risk of experiencing various health problems. One of them that often occurs is an unstable body temperature and tends to be hypothermic. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of Kangaroo Method Care (KMC) and incubator treatment to increase body temperature in LBW infants. This study used a Quasi Experiment Design technique with a Pre-test and Post-test Group design. The sample in this study were all LBW infants according to the inclusion criteria, which were 30 babies. The sample was divided into two intervention groups, namely 15 infants with KMC intervention and 15 infants with nursing intervention in an incubator, which were given intervention for 2 hours per day for a period of 3 days. The sampling technique used in this study was purposive sampling. In the KMC group, the average pretest value was 36.59°C and the posttest value was 37.06°C. In comparison, in the treatment group of incubator intervention, the average pretest value was 36.4°C and the posttest value was 36.8°C. Based on the results of the independent sample t-test statistical test, the significance was 0.035, p <0.05. The results showed that the average of increasing infants' body temperature in the intervention of KMC was 0.4640 (SD = 0.08998), while the average increase in infant body temperature in the incubator treatment was 0.3953 (SD = 0.07909). The application of KMC and treatment in the incubator are equally effective in increasing the body temperature of LBW.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Ni Wayan Dwi Rosmalawati, Ardyah Dwi Pramesti , Hurun Ain
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