LABOR AND DELIVERY DURING A GLOBAL PANDEMI CORONAVIRUS DISEASE 2019: A LITERATURE REVIEW 2019 – 2020
Coronavirus Disease 2019 or COVID-19 is an infection by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Critical situations increase health risks for pregnant and childbirth because of the lack of midwifery care and services that can increase maternal mortality, increased risk of pregnancy and childbirth complications due to lack of nutritional intake, and disruption of health services due to disruption of population mobility. This systematic review aimed to find out the services of labor and delivery during the COVID-19 pandemic in various countries. Journals included were from databases such as American Journal of Perinatology, Journal of Infection American Journal of Obstetric and Gynecology, Archieves of Academic Emergency Medicine, Google Scholar, PubMed, BMC Public Health, Elsevier, search engines, and references from other studies. The MeSH keywords such as “pregnancy”, “labor”, “intranatal”, “delivery”, “maternal outcomes”, “obstetric protocol”, “pandemic”, “coronavirus disease 2019”. Studies that show labor and delivery preparation, progress, and newborn care were included in this study. The results of the study showed that healthcare facilities and health workers made adaptations to adjust to the protocol for pregnancy and childbirth care during the COVID-19 pandemic. Services provided in accordance with the health protocol for the COVID-19 pandemic period aim to minimize the spread of infection and optimize labor and delivery services.
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