THE EFFECT OF EXCLUSIVE BREASTFEEDING AND DIARRHEA WITH STUNTING INCIDENCE
According to the 2020 Ministry of Health, stunting is a condition in which children have a relatively low length or height compared to their age, which could be measured by child anthropometry. The child was said stunted if he has a z-score <-2 Standard Deviation (SD). The incidence of stunting could be caused by several factors such as child nutrition problems, social, economic conditions, infectious diseases, poor environmental sanitation, education, income, knowledge and others. The prevalence of stunting in Jambi Province will reach 22.4% in 2021, including Kerinci Regency which one of the contributors to stunting rates in Jambi Province. There were 10 stunting loci in Kerinci Regency including the working area of the Siulak Gedang Health Center with a total of 63 toddlers experiencing stunting in 2020. So the researchers are interested in finding relationships between several risk factors for stunting in the working area of the Siulak Gedang Health Center, Kerinci Regency in 2022.
This research method was quantitative with a case-control research design with a sample of 72 respondents, with a ratio of 1:1 (36 cases and 36 controls) with the criteria of mothers who have children aged 24-59 months. Data were obtained by conducting interviews using a questionnaire. The research was conducted from 9 May to 4 June 2022. Data were analyzed using univariate and bivariate methods using the chi-square test.
The results of this study indicate a relationship between diarrhea (p-value= 0.009 OR= 4.02 CI95%= 1.50-10.74). There is no relationship between exclusive breastfeeding (p-value= 0.637 OR= 0.72 CI95%= 0.28-1.81) with the incidence of stunting in toddlers.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammad Rifqi Azhary, Nada Amirah
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