LITERATURE REVIEW: FACTORS INFLUENCE BIRTH INTERVAL FROM COUPLES IN CHILDBEARING AGE
Birth interval less than 2 years and more than 4 years can bring a risk for mother and baby. This review study aimed to identify factors that influence birth interval among couple in childbearing age. This literature review searched by three electronic databases (PubMed, Google Schoolar, and DOAJ) for previous studies using a cross-sectional, case-control study, cohort study, or systematic review study published between 2016 until 2020 for empirical studies on the topic with inclusion and exclusion criteria, with keyword to search empirical studies is “jarak kehamilan”, “factor birth interval”, “factor interpregnancy interval”, “determinant birth interval”. From this study, it’s be found 14 studies which appropriate with inclusion criteria. Include studies were found two-factor influence birth interval; internal factor (n=14) and external factor (n=9). Based on 14 studies obtained, it be found 8 factors influence birth interval from couples in childbearing age. Internal factors that influence birth interval is mother age, birth history, contraception use before pregnancy, breastfeeding history, planned pregnancy, sex child before. External factors influence birth interval is mother education and husband support.
Keywords: Birth interval, couples in childbearing age, factors influence