PERBEDAAN POLA KONSUMSI BERDASARKAN STATUS ANEMIA IBU HAMIL
Anemia among pregnant women is still beeing a public health problem in Indonesia. This study aimed to determine differences in consumption patterns based on anemia status of pregnant women. This was a cross-sectional study conducted in eight community health centers in Jember with 128 pregnant women as subjects selected by stratified random sampling method from pregnant women’s cohort in each of the community health centers. Information about sociodemographics was obtained by interviewing, consumption patterns with Semiquantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire and hemoglobin levels with Easy Touch GCHb (Bioptics Technology Inc., China). The prevalence of anemia among pregnant women in Jember was 60,16% (95% CI: 51,76-68,56). From the result of bivariate analysis with t-test, it was found that significant difference in mean frequency of pregnant milk consumption between group of anemia and group was not anemia (p <0.001). Significant differences were also found on the average number of tofu consumption (p 0.007) and pregnant milk (p <0.001) between group of anemia and group was not anemia. In addition, this study found an average difference in the level of energy adequacy (p <0.001), protein (p <0.001), carbohydrates (p<0.001), vitamin C (p <0.001), vitamin B12 (p 0.001), copper <0.001) and iron (p <0.001) were significant between the anemia group and the non-anemic group. The average nutritional adequacy level in the group was not anemia greater than the anemia group. Fulfillment of nutrients during pregnancy is important to prevent anemia in pregnant women.
Keyword: Anemia among pregnant women, consumption patterns