PAJANAN INFEKSI HELICOBACTER PYLORI DENGAN HYPEREMESIS GRAVIDARUM
Hyperemesis Gravidarum (HG) is a severe form of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy often associated with severe weight loss, ketonomia,m ketonuria, dehydration, electrolyte imbalance and possibly kidney and liver disease, and necessitating hospitalization. The exact cause of Hyperemesis Gravidarum is not known for certain but there are hypotheses that reveal several factors causing Hyperemesis Gravidarum, namely hormonal mechanisms, emotional factors, and Helicobacter Pylori infection. This study is a journal review (Literature Review) that tries to explore the relationship between exposure to Helicobacter pylori infection and hyperemesis gravidarum. Sources for conducting this literature review include systematic search studies of computerized databases (PubMed, BMC, Cochrain review, Google scholar) in the form of research journals and review articles. Chronic Helicobacter Pylori infection is often asymptomatic in most patients. Several additional factors such as stress, unbalanced diet, inadequate diet or alcohol can add to the symptoms of gastritis. pregnant. In early pregnancy, increased fluid retention in the body and changes in intracellular – extracellular fluid volume caused by increased steroid hormones are thought to result in changes in pH. In the gastrointestinal tract changes in pH can result in reactivation of latent infection from Helicobacter Pylori. In addition, during pregnancy, it is suspected that changes in cell and humoral immunity cause susceptibility so that Helicobacter Pylori infection is activated.
Keyword : Helicobacter Pylori, Hyperemesis Gravidarum