LITERATURE REVIEW: DESCRIPTION OF MALE BEHAVIOR TO IMPROVE REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH STATUS IN PREGNANCY PREPARATION
Male awareness of preconception health is exceptionally low, many men considering that maintaining preconception health is women’s responsibility. Men spermatozoa contribute 50% of DNA, meaning that when a man’s DNA is damaged, it affects fertility and birth defect. This study aims to explain the picture of male behaviour to improve reproductive health status in pregnancy preparation. The method used is literature review obtained from three databases namely PubMed, DOAJ, and Google Scholar using inclusion and exclusion criteria. Keywords used in literature search: “Men Preconception Health Behaviour”, "Men Awareness in Preconception", "Fathers Role in Preconception", and "Paternal Involvement”. From 10 journals found 7 types of male behaviour during the preconception period are smoking behaviour, alcohol consumption behaviour, vitamin and supplement consumption behaviour, unhealthy diet behaviour, awareness of environmental health and awareness of genetic conditions. There are still men who carry out negative behaviors during the preconception period such as smoking, consuming alcohol, and having an unhealthy diet, so that needing health promotion about the importance of improving reproductive health status during the preconception period or pregnancy preparation.
Keywords: Male Behaviour, Reproductive Health, Pregnancy Preparation