ANALYSIS OF DOMINANT FACTORS CAUSING PERINEAL RUPTURE IN SPONTANEOUS LABOR
Perineal rupture is a labor problem the biggest cause of maternal death. This study purpose to analyze the dominant factors causing perineal rupture in spontaneous labor, including variables related to age, birth spacing, parity and newborn weight. This study uses a quantitative method with a cross-sectional approach. The study population was 671 maternity mother at RSU Dr. H. Koesnadi Bondowoso who was recorded in January-August 2019. The next, number of samples was determined as many as 251 respondents through the Simple Random Sampling technique. Data were collected using an observation sheet (Checklist) and analyzed by the Chi Square method. The results showed that there was a relationship between the incidence of perineal rupture with the predictors of age, birth spacing, parity and newborn weight, respectively <0.001 and 0.132. It can be concluded that age, birth spacing, parity and weight of newborns are factors that cause perineal rupture in spontaneous labor at dr. H. Koesnadi Bondowoso General Hospital.
Keywords: breast milk, length of umbilical cord release